Fraud is an attempt to deceive others or gain information that may be used to harm them. When such activities are conducted through electronic means, it is generally referred to as computer fraud. Examples of computer fraud in Texas and around the country may include sending spam or hoax emails asking for individuals to send money or installing spyware on their devices. Those who use another person's computer without consent may also be engaging in this type of fraud.
Those who intentionally commit computer fraud may be subject to both civil and criminal penalties. For example, someone who creates a chain letter that contains a virus designed to harm another device may face both types of penalties. However, someone who accidentally forwards a message containing a virus is generally not guilty of fraud because there was no intent to harm another person or device.